Utrakvismus a jeho městská reprezentace (Utraquism and its symbolic presentation in towns)

PhDr Kateřina Horníčková, PhD (Universität Wien, Institut für Geschichte / Jihočeská univerzita, Ústav věd o umění a kultuře)


Since the emergence of the Utraquist urban elite in the first half of the 15th century, identification and presentation function with religious symbols of urban Utraquist communities take on increased importance, serving to manifest the status of Utraquism as one of two legal faiths in Bohemia and a dominant denomination in the town. Written references along with fragments of preserved monuments make it apparent that the symbol of chalice as well as other themes decorated visually prominent locales in Utraquist towns in the 15th and early 16th centuries. Such depictions were common expression of Utraquist identity both in religious and political sense and it has been understood as such by their religious opponents. Symbolic communication with images and symbols in the Bohemian Utraquist towns reveals a certain degree of localised religious polarisation that culminated at the end of the 16th and in the 17th centuries in the period of Confessionalisation.